DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2011.174649


A 62-year-old Caucasian woman underwent evaluation for possible liver transplantation. She had end-stage cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis C and alcohol abuse. Among the tests ordered were urine screens for various drugs of abuse, including amphetamines, for which the patient's urine sample was positive. Given the patient's history of alcohol abuse and possible other drug abuse, her physicians questioned her in detail about recent use of any illicit substances. The patient stated emphatically that she had used no recreational drugs for the past 15 years.