The Quick Guide to Venipuncture assists all healthcare practitioners—including phlebotomists, patient care technicians, nurses, physicians, medical laboratory scientists, respiratory therapists, students, residents, and fellows—who have blood specimen collection responsibilities. The Guide
- describes standard venipuncture equipment and addresses patient identification and management, order of specimen tube draw, and good venipuncture techniques;
- provides criteria that ensure specimen suitability, including complete draws, specimen mixing, hemolysis avoidance, and proper transport and storage;
- emphasizes safety for the patient and for the phlebotomist, including prevention of needlestick injury and minimizing risk of infection; and
- describes proper blood collection by vascular access device, providing detailed instructions for capillary and arterial puncture.
The authors, faculty of the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Department of Pathology Division of Laboratory Medicine, developed the Guide based on their experiences teaching medical laboratory science students, residents, fellows, nurses, and physicians at the UAB Hospital.
The Quick Guide to Venipuncture joins a series that includes Quick Guide to Coagulation Testing, Quick Guide to Hematology Testing, Quick Guide to Transfusion Medicine, and Quick Guide to Clinical Chemistry.