Health & Science Policy
Reforming Oversight of Essential Laboratory Developed Tests
Laboratory developed tests (LDTs) are proprietary tests that clinical labs create for in-house use whenever a commercial test does not exist or is not appropriate for a particular patient health issue. For example, a lab may develop an LDT to monitor a rare disease or screen for a new designer drug. These tests are at the cutting edge of clinical laboratory science and play a vital role in providing quality healthcare in the face of patients’ changing medical needs.
Regulation of LDTs is currently overseen by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act of 1988 (CLIA’88). Under CLIA’88, laboratories are required to clinically and analytically validate any LDTs and adhere to strict quality control and proficiency standards.
Although CLIA’88 provides robust safeguards, there is concern that the regulatory framework is becoming outdated as LDTs grow increasingly numerous and complex. Among regulators and stakeholders there is an ongoing debate over the appropriate level of regulation for LDTs. The Diagnostic Accuracy and Innovation Act (DAIA), draft legislation currently being considered on Capitol Hill, attempts to address the issue by proposing to classify LDTs under a new risk-based regulatory framework overseen by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
AACC supports risk-based regulation but is concerned that FDA oversight will prove burdensome for labs and inevitably reduce the number of LDTs being performed. While additional oversight may be warranted for certain high-risk tests, the regulation of LDTs should remain with CMS under CLIA’88 in order to protect patient access to these critical tests.
04.20.2017: Oversight of Laboratory Tests
02.22.2016: Modernization of CLIA: LDTs
08.20.2018: AACC Provides Feedback on FDA DAIA Comments
06.21.2018: AACC Opposes Legislation to Expand FDA Oversight of LDTs
04.06.2017: AACC Submits Comments to Reps. Bucshon and DeGette Regarding the Diagnostic Accuracy and Innovation Act
09.19.2016: AACC Input to Senate HELP Committee on LDT Regulatory Oversight
05.16.2016: AACC Urges Senate Delay of LDT Guidance
05.04.2016: AACC Supports House Language Delaying FDA LDT Guidance
11.17.2015: AACC Raises Concerns About Expanded FDA Oversight of LDTs
01.05.2015: AACC Provides Input to the House Energy and Commerce Committee Regarding LDTs
01.29.2015: AACC Urges FDA to Maintain the Existing Regulatory Structure for LDTs
01.29.2015: AACC Provides Input Regarding FDA’s Notification and Medical Device Reporting Proposals for LDTs
01.08.2015: AACC Provides Testimony at the FDA Workshop on the Regulation of LDTs
DAIA Act Summary
FDA Technical Assistance on DAIA