The Quick Guide to Venipuncture assists all healthcare
practitioners?including phlebotomists, patient care technicians, nurses,
physicians, medical laboratory scientists, respiratory therapists, students,
residents, and fellows?who have blood specimen collection responsibilities. The
- describes standard venipuncture equipment and
addresses patient identification and management, order of specimen tube draw,
and good venipuncture techniques;
- provides criteria that ensure specimen suitability,
including complete draws, specimen mixing, hemolysis avoidance, and proper
transport and storage;
- emphasizes safety for the patient and for the
phlebotomist, including prevention of needlestick injury and minimizing risk
of infection; and
- describes proper blood collection by vascular access device, providing
detailed instructions for capillary and arterial puncture.
The authors, faculty of the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)
Department of Pathology Division of Laboratory Medicine, developed the Guide
based on their experiences teaching medical laboratory science students,
residents, fellows, nurses, and physicians at the UAB Hospital.
The Quick Guide to Venipuncture joins a series that includes
Quick Guide to Coagulation Testing, Quick Guide to Hematology
Testing, Quick Guide to Transfusion Medicine, and Quick Guide
to Clinical Chemistry.