DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2010.148718


A 9-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with juvenile metachromatic leukodystrophy (arylsulfatase A deficiency). Symptoms of this lysosomal storage disease, such as decreased school performance and compromised motor skills, had started 1 year earlier. She underwent bone marrow transplantation from a matched unrelated donor after receiving conditioning with fludarabine, treosulfan, and thiotepa, together with thymoglobulin, a rabbit antithymocyte globulin. Conditioning was well tolerated, and the posttransplantation period was uneventful except for 1 febrile episode. Graft-vs-host disease (GvHD)4 prophylaxis consisted of 3 methotrexate doses in combination with a starting daily cyclosporin A (CsA) dosage of 3 mg · kg−1 · day−1. Trough CsA concentrations were monitored with the antibody-conjugated magnetic immunoassay (ACMIA) for CsA (RxL Dimension; Siemens). CsA concentrations entered the therapeutic interval after 3 days, and the dosage was adjusted to achieve trough concentrations of 120–150 μg/L (Fig. 1).