DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2009.139535


A 33-year-old male patient visited the outpatient clinic at Brigham and Women's Hospital for a routine follow-up for obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, allergic rhinitis, and depression. He was maintained on a nocturnal continuous positive airway pressure device, loratadine, duloxetine, and fluticasone nasal spray. He was a resident of Boston and had not traveled outside the country. He denied intravenous drug use or high-risk sexual behavior, and he had not received any blood products. He had received his most recent influenza vaccine about 6 months earlier. He was screened for type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia. As a part of routine clinical care, he was also offered HIV screening in accordance with the current CDC recommendations (1). The HIV assay [HIV 1/O/2 Enhanced (EHIV)], which was performed on the ADVIA Centaur analyzer (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics), yielded a reactive result. As per the assay protocol developed by the manufacturer, the initially reactive sample was retested in duplicate after centrifugation; both results were reactive. The positive screen was followed up with a confirmatory western blot (WB)3 analysis, which yielded an indeterminate result. The presence of an isolated p24 band in the WB (GS Western HIV-1; Bio-Rad Laboratories) was of concern regarding possible early HIV seroconversion.