DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2010.144824

Summary:

An 18-year-old male presented with pain and swelling in his left leg that he noted after playing football. An x-ray of the affected leg showed a destructive lesion that prompted a concern for malignancy. Subsequent tests, including magnetic resonance imaging, a bone scan, and a needle biopsy of the lesion, confirmed nonmetastatic osteosarcoma in the left proximal tibia. The patient was started on a standard regimen of chemotherapy. He received 4 cycles of high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX)3 with leucovorin rescue and 2 cycles of cisplatin and doxorubicin, which he tolerated well. Each HDMTX course involved the intravenous administration of 20 g methotrexate (MTX) over 4 h. The patient experienced delayed MTX clearance after the first cycle but showed typical clearance after the subsequent 3 cycles. He then underwent a planned radical resection of the tumor with allograft placement.