Two calculi were discovered in an 84-year-old woman who was a bedridden resident of a nursing home. One calculus was just external to the vagina, and the other was inside. Both were foul smelling, 1 to 3 cm in diameter, tan in color, porous, and crispy (Fig. 1). A chemical analysis revealed the calculi to be composed of magnesium and ammonium phosphate. The patient did not have a urethrovaginal fistula.

Vaginal calculus from an 84-year-old woman.

Questions

  1. How does one classify vaginal calculi?
  2. What conditions might cause a vaginal calculus?
  3. What differentiation should be exercised for vaginal calculus?
Read the article here for the answers.