Mario Plebani obtained his medical degree summa cum laude from the Medical School of the University of Padova in 1975. He completed residency training and specialization in Laboratory Medicine (1978), and subsequently in Gastroenterology (1983), at the same University. He is full Professor of Clinical Biochemistry and Clinical Molecular Biology at the School of Medicine, University of Padova. He is Chief of the Department of Laboratory Medicine at the University-Hospital of Padova, Chief of the Center of Biomedical Research (a specialized Center for quality in laboratory medicine for the Veneto Region), and scientific coordinator of the regional anti-doping laboratory at the University Hospital in Padova, Italy. Currently, he is also Director of the Post-graduate School in Clinical Biochemistry at the Medical School of the Padova University and President of the Course for Medical Technologists at the same Medical School of Padova. He served as President of the International Society of Enzymology for four years (2004-2008) and as President of the Italian Society of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Clinical Biology for five years (in 2003 and from 2007 to 2009). He is the Chairman of the IFCC Working group on “Laboratory errors and patient safety” (WG LEPS) and in 2008 received the AACC Award for Outstanding Clinical Laboratory Contributions to Improving Patient Safety. Dr. Plebani is Editor-in-Chief of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, and Associate editor of CRC Clinical Laboratory Sciences and International Journal of Biological Markers. His main areas of research are quality in laboratory medicine, diagnostic and laboratory errors, biomarkers in cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and in vitro allergy diagnostics.